Obesity Myths , Presumptions, and Facts
We identified seven
obesity-related myths concerning the effects of small sustained increases in
energy intake and expenditure, establishment of realistic goals in weight loss,
rapid weight loss, weight-loss readiness, physical-education classes, and energy
expended during sexual activity. We also identified six presumptions about the
purported effects of eating breakfast, early childhood experiences, eating
fruits and vegetables, weight cycling,
snacking, and the built (il.e human made) environment.
Cazazza, PhD and 19 co-authors, representing the National Institutes of Health,
“Myths, Presumptions, and Facts about Obesity, “ New England Journal of Medicine, January 31, 2013
January 30, 2013 – This New England Journal of Medicine report is timely
when one considers that weight loss has become a multi-billion-dollar industry and
that weight-loss formulas and approaches are often unsuccessful, in light of the reality that obesity and diabetes has become a national epidemic.
Myth Number 1: Small sustained change in energy
untake and expenditure will produce large, long-term weight changes.
Myth Number 2: Setting realistic goals for
weight loss is important, because otherwide patients will become frustrated and
loss less weight.
Myth Number 3: Large, rapid weight loss is
associated with pooer long-term weigh-lost outmes as compared with slow,
gradual weigh loss.
Myth Number 4: It is important to assess the
state of change or diet-readiness in order to help patients who request
Myth Number 5: Physical-education classes , in
their current form, plan an important role in reducing or preventing childhood obesity.
Myth Number 6: Breast-feeding is protective
Myth Number 7: A Bout of sexual activity burns
100 to 300 kcal for each participant.
1. Regular eating breakfast protects against obesity. Most often no effect
2. Early childhood habits influence weight later in life, i.e. fat kids become fat adults, Often true.
3. Eating fruits and veggies results in weight loss. True.
4. Weight cycling, ie. yo-yo dieting, is associated with increased death rates. True.
5. Snacking contributes to weight gain and obesity. Yes.
6. The environment, i.e. sidewalk and park availability, influences obesity. May affect obesity.
is not destiny
in exercise increases health
activity in sufficient doses helps weight maintenance
conditions that promote weight loss helps maintain lower weight
obese kids , programs involving parents promotes weight loss and maintenance
of meal-replacement products promote greater weight loss
drugs help weight loss as long as drugs continue to be used.
surgery results in long-term weight loss and reductions in incident diabetes and mortality.
Herein are obesity myths,
With facts set forth forthwith,
By 20 National Institutes of Health experts,
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